The European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) combined the European Union member states into a cohesive economic system. The first 6 created European economic community (EEC) with the goal of creating a single market. To some, the EU is an overblown bureaucracy that drains money and compromises the power of sovereign states. European Union regulations and directives, both existing and potential, are having a major impact on American businesses and consumers. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. They have a common market with a single currency. Coreper is the meeting place for the permanent representatives. Is the European Union: 1) an international organization, 2) a federal state, 3) a confederation, 4) an economic bloc, 5) sui generis political system, 6) other? 1958, They borrow from to make for infrastructure for example (50%). After Treaty of Paris it was there eith another name until Maastricht. The European Union (EU) is a unique partnership in which member states have pooled sovereignty in certain policy areas and harmonized laws on a wide range of economic and political issues. - Acts like a board of directors of the European Union. It also prepared for the creation of ECB and European System of Central Banks (ESCB). What are the responsibilities of the President of the European Council? Do voters in EP elections make their choices on the basis of domestic or European issues? From empire to nation-state and now to a union, the continent struggles to confront these cultural forces that unite and divide. It eliminates all border controls between members. a supranational organization working toward economic, political, and cultural integration in Europe The states of Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia were established by the Treaty of Versailles. European Economic and Monetary Union … There are a lot of information the lawmaker doesn't have information about - they don't know for example everything about chemicals. - Summits earlier took place in the capital of member state holding the presidency of the council of ministers or in a regional city or town. The European Union (EU) was founded as a result of the Maastricht Treaty on Nov. 1, 1993. The Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) is not an end in itself. In which ways does the EP lack defining powers of a legislature? The EU was an attempt to halt the growing influence of American culture in Europe after World War II and to promote the … Additionally, the European Union is working hard on eliminating high export tariffs to further increase the prosperity for each member state. They know each other well and want negotations to go smooth. It does this in 4 ways. You have two attempts answer each question. How do interpersonal dynamics affect the work of the European Council? Brussel, advisory body set up under treaty of Rome. Why was the origin of the European Union based in coal and steel? Explain the distinction between the European System of Central Banks and the Eurosystem. Has become a silent threat to the member states. Describe the circumstances of the first and second rounds of enlargement. European treaties and alliances, however, have been in place since 1949 when NATO was formed. It is not Interpol but that idea for the member states. The European Union or EU is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states that are primarily located in Europe. Public participation and gap filling, it is an interest group. Explain the powers of the Council of the European Union. What was the goal of the Single European Act? Meeting of heads of states, intergovernmental, negotiates treaties, acts with parliament as legislator, Lay out broad goals, done along party lines, has veto power, acts with council, supranational, Only directly elected Supranational parliament on the planet, The "Supreme Court of Europe", with active jurisdiction over all EU members and the power to strike down EU states' domestic laws (judicial review); promoter of integration, supranational, European Commission, Council of Ministers, European Parliament, Council of Ministers and European Parliament, In charge of legislative process, works like gov. On May 9 it is Europe day, he announced it on that day because of the Schuman declaration, the first start of EU 1950. - Instead of high authority the EEC had an appointed nine-member quasi-executive commission that had less power to impose decisions on member states. These countries share a common currency called the Euro. - Goal to complete the single market by midninght och December 31, 1992 by vreating an area witout internal frontiers in which the free mocement of goods, persons, services and capital is assures. - The treaty of Rome can be seen as the forerunners of the institutions of EU today: a commission that served as a quasi-executive, a council of ministers and a parliamentary assembly that performed legislative functions and a court of justice. 4 reasons behind Britain leaving the European Union. This was critized - to hard for approval. and, how are they distinct? Trafficking, terrorism etc, money corruption, human trafficking, vejicle smuggling. The EU is a holdover from the Cold War era where the countries of Western Europe formed a defensive alliance in opposition to the (then) Soviet Union. What are the key powers and functions of the EP? What were the three pillars of the newly formed European Union? Why? It is the successor to the European Monetary System ( … Its official currency is the euro. The European Union creates an allied front against outside aggression.The past 50 years in Europe have been some of the most peaceful out of the last 1,000 years of history. - The creation of the positions of president of the curopean council and high representative of the union for foreign affairs and security policy. Petitions are examined by Parliament’s Committee on Petitions, which makes a decision on their admissibility and is responsible for dealing with them. There are many committies as well. Candidates most be confirmed by the EP. - Strasbourg, France. Since the formation of the EU, the quality of the seas and beaches that are found throughout the continent have improved dramatically. Learn more about the EU … They said it was going to be made step by step, and that's not the way you think of nation building. What are the responsibilities of the Presidency? They are attempting to both promote peace and organization between their member countries, resulting in such changes as the Euro, or a form of currency used in multiple European countries rather … - Denmark wanted to join because of agricultural reasons and a lot was being exported to Britain. They have the Eurosystem: every member state that has adopted the euro. To make war impossible? European politics in the union, welfare state and crisis, an organization whose goal is to unite Europe so that goods, services, and workers can move freely among member countries, No death penalty, same monetary system, common body of legislature, secular, the basic monetary unit of most members of the European Union (introduced in 1999), European countries lowered trade barriers; The cold war; integration had economic gains/growth, Strong currency, peace, prosperity (20% of world GDP comes from EU), democracy, unity, Debt crisis, inequality, xenophonia, democratic deficit, Anti-immigrant; racial discrimination, two-faced ("we love immigrants", then they burn down homes), The criticism made of the European Union that there is a gap between the European Community institutions and the people they represent; voter turn out at 80%, Made European integration possible after 1945; involvement of US; Soviet Union had a common enemy of US and Europe, US needed strong ally in Europe; NATO, trading partners, Made European integration possible after 1945, Made European integration possible after 1945; forced European countries to change; Europe in shambles, needing to rebuild; Germany returning to good graces, a trading bloc that gives preferential access to certain products from certain countries; (2+ countries decrease tariffs together, but not abolish), A zone in which there are no tariffs or other restrictions on the movement of goods and services across borders; free border. - Robert Schuman's original view was that any move toward political integration and a common European identity would depend upon further economic integration. The European Union is set up with the aim of ending the frequent and bloody wars between neighbours, which culminated in the Second World War. Make sure interest is joint. The EU is, in fact, unique. Policy The European Commission established the European Climate Change Programme (ECCP) in 2000 to help identify the most environmentally and cost-effective policies and measures that can be taken at European level to cut greenhouse gas emissions. The General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679 (GDPR) is a regulation in EU law on data protection and privacy in the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA). Every EU citizen has the right to submit a petition to the European Parliament in one of the official languages of the EU, in the form of a complaint or a request, on an issue that falls within the European Union’s fields of activity. It's based in Brusel, it has 5 main elements: How are Commissioners selected to the College of Commissioners? 4 reasons behind Britain leaving the European Union. A correct on your first try scores you points, second go, one point. What is the significance of the European Coal and Steel Community in relation to the progressive development of European integration? How many should it be? They choose to start the EU, and they can choose to leave, so is it just an organization? What is the interrelation between World War II and the design of the European Union? After 1,316 days of political turmoil, the UK now stands alone as the first nation to have ever left the European Union. It can be used as stand-alone activity or alongside publication ‘EU&ME’. The European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) involves the coordination of economic and fiscal policies, a common monetary policy, and a common currency, the … Have the same power here as the council of ministers on decision making. Tony Blair set five criteria and insisted on a referndum. Levels of union density vary widely across the 28 EU states plus Norway, from around 70% in Finland, Sweden and Denmark to 8% in France. What is the European Union? Mainly focus were to initiate policy and to oversee implementation. As the largest market and the most important trading partner for the US, the EU is increasingly setting standards American companies must meet if they wish to remain competitive in the global marketplace. These countries share a common currency called the Euro. Was recognized in 1965 Merger Treaty. Since the 1950s, various industries, including coal and steel, have worked to create one entity serving all Europeans … What changes did the Treaty on European Union effect? Home Menu Search . What is the EU institution that discusses new laws and coordinates policy between the member countries? It is now also trying to supplement the existing economic integration with a viable political integration of the European Community. The European Union is a union of twenty-nine member states whose main aim is to enhance economic, social and territorial cohesion among the members. Jean Claude Junker. When did Single European Act come into effect? The European Union is a geo-political entity covering a large portion of the European continent. The European Parliament is the most environmentally friendly institution. Aleksa sees it as federation. - It is not a European superstate, and suggestions that it might one day become a United States of Europe are greeted with a volatile mixture of enthusiasm and hostility. They came into being as a result of the November 1990 transatlantic declaration which for the ﬁrst time formalised the USA’s contacts with what was then the European Community. The four sections with 13 12 questions in each. Originally confined to western Europe, the EU undertook a robust expansion into central and eastern Europe in the early 21st century. European Community (EC), former association designed to integrate the economies of Europe. GDPR.EU is a website operated by Proton Technologies AG, which is co-funded by Project REP-791727-1 of the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme of the European Union. European Union. How is voting conducted in the European Commission? The EU’s common currency is the euro. 2 Which non-European country signed an agreement to become Germany's military ally and set the scene for World War II? Brittan had approved from the US who supported the community. Remote learning solution for Lockdown 2021: Ready-to-use tutor2u Online Courses Learn more › The European Union (EU) is a group of countries that acts as one economic unit in the world economy. There are two main activities that they do: What is the main objective of the European Council? It has grown because of now they have one member from every country, the institutions have grown, should it be this powerful? June 18, 2017 by Louise Gaille. Explain the evolution of the ECJ and its origin. The European Parliament (EP) is the legislative branch of the European Union and one of its seven institutions. Explain the powers of the European Commission. Which functions are shared with the Council of the European Union? Why did Britain turn down membership in the euro? Financial watchdog. When did Greece join European Economic Community? Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Brexit has happened. This international organization constituting of European countries was formed after the Second World War. Call us: +34 965 90 9692 / Our helpdesk office hours are from 09:00 to 17:00 CET/CEST (Monday to Friday). It also addresses the transfer of personal data outside the EU and EEA areas. When was European Economic Community formed? The European Parliament (EP) is the legislative branch of the European Union and one of its seven institutions. This quiz has been designed to give young people a quick and useful introduction the European Union. Någon annan council. Got brought to ourt, are they going past their treaties? 3. Explain the functions and structure of the European Investment Bank (EIB). - A single chamber where the members are elected by universal suffrage for fixed renewable five-year terms. How do Commissioners receive their appointments? beyond nation states, EU commission is government, which council and parliament is the legislative; supranational, Council of EU is main institution, must be unanimous, has veto power, intergovernmental, works like international organization, Works for EU as a whole, similar to a community, Works like international, negotiates for best interest of individual countries, Carefully managed process that helps countries extend peace, stability; EU remains open to any country that fulfills requirements, The bicycle is stable as long as it keeps moving, but once it stops, it falls, financial crisis, enlargement of member states, economic and political role of EU in the world, ability to coordinate a community response while adjusting for different ways members have been affected, It is easier to reduce trade barriers than to agree on common policies that involves spending substantial amounts of tax money; Euro is neutral and can be explosive; crisis can reinforce nation state instead of strengthen regionalism. Find GCSE resources for every subject. Taking collective responsible for desicions, Each has a policy portfolio which they are responsible for, serves 5 years term. Explain the functions and structure of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). What are the origins of the Council of the European Union. As of 1950, the European Coal and Steel Community begins to unite European countries economically and politically in order to secure lasting peace. 'Britain always had a very special relationship with the EU -- it always was an on/off relationship. Explain the origin and evolution of the European Council. Home ; About the EU . An advocate gives its opinion, 1 are assigned for each case. Passes european laws, concludes international agreements, and approves the EU budget with the parliament. Generating new laws, overseeing implementation, eu budget, representing eu on international negotiation. In making appointments there are three main factors. Many members share the Schengen Area while others share the eurozone. Who is the President of the European Commission? Explain the functions and structure of the European Police Office (Europol). The European Union was officially founded on November 1, 1993. Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! The group of countries within the EU using the euro as a currency. They don't control the fisical things. - Meet in Brussel, summits lasting no longer than 2 days. The European Central Bank and the European Commission are in charge of maintaining its value and stability, and for establishing the criteria required for EU countries to enter the euro area. It is not a State intended to replace existing states, but it is more than any other international organisation. Start studying European Union. How is the President of the European Commission selected and appointed? What are the sources of European Union Law? The most populous country in Europe is Russia. The European Union has been a staple of the global stage since the 1990s, but its history and present are becoming increasingly complicated. Remote learning solution for Lockdown 2021: Ready-to-use tutor2u Online Courses Learn more › community pillar 2 and 3. Eurostat: The agency within the European Union charged with providing statistical information for the continent, as well as to ensure that member countries are using acceptable methods to … French foreign minister. What is happening that you need this kind of input? 2. What is the role of the European Union in the international community? To compete in a global economy, the nation-states of Europe must … The European Union has helped to improve local environments. What were the key achievements of the Treaty of Lisbon? Channel Tunnel for example, 90 billion euro for budget. Moreover, the European Union regulates trade with one set of regulations, which makes business much more efficient. There are so big differences in population. An agreement between many European countries to integrate their monetary systems including using a single currency. Where is the seat(s)* of the European Parliament (EP)? It is directly-elected and made up of 705 members (MEPs) representing all EU countries. What were the achievements of the Treaties of Amsterdam and Nice? The European Union is a monetary entity of 27 fiscally independent countries. What did the signing of the Treaty of Rome establish? Can we strive for equality? 1. The currency. Explain the functions and structure of the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC). The European Union (EU) is a unique economic and political union between 27 European countries. Explain the work of the Coreper II and I and of the working parties of the Council of the European Union. Responsible for proposing, implementing, and monitoring compliance with EU legislation; run by 1 president and a group of 26 commissioners appointed by each member country ; Supranational; executive cabinet. When did the Treaty on European Union come into effect? Which of the following countries was not an original member of European Economic Community? They don't have to listen, there is no accountability, a concern. European Union (EU), international organization comprising 27 European countries and governing common economic, social, and security policies. - It cannot directly introduce proposals for new laws. Serves 5 years, decides on the distrubition of portfolios, represents the commission in dealings with other units, responsible for ensuring that the commission gives impetus to the process of european intergration. In 2016, Brittain shocked the world by … It works to stand up for those who may feel oppressed to ensure that every person receives the same vote, equal rights, and a chance to pursue whatever opportunities they desire. January 1999, switched on january 1 2002. It is a political and economic union between European countries that sets policies concerning the members’ economies, societies, laws, and, to some extent, security. Not police officer for the union. What are their main tasks? fiscal policy? This is because of regulations that were implemented at a Union level. 'Britain always had a very special relationship with the EU -- it always was an on/off relationship. The European Union is a unique economic and political union between 27 EU countries that together cover much of the continent. The ECB started in 1998 following the Treaty of Amsterdam that amended the Treaty on the European Union. There have been fewer wars fought on the continent then at any time since the reign of the Roman Empire over the region. Aspect of monetary policy and intersest rate, control inflation, insure price stability, insuring safety of other banks within the EU. Holds its plenary sessions, meets there for only 3 or 4 days a month. Schuman decleration on may 9 1950. Explain the functions and structure of the European Central Bank (ECB). The European Union creates stability because all of the nations belonging to the agreement (or NATO) work together for their mutual good. board of governors consisting of finance ministers, a decision-making board of directors (27 member plus representative from the European commission). It was in favor for larger countries, every country needed to accept it for it to be approved. Which treaty established … How has the Court contributed to European integration? Publish own initative. The goal of the European Union is to form a stronger, more unified Europe in order to have greater stability and strength in global markets. After the Treaty on European Union, who was responsible for monetary policy? What are the origins of the European Commission? 90% of the work is solved before ministers meet. It was created after World War II as a way to ensure peace between European nations. The President of the Court of Justice is elected from and by the judges for a renewable term of three years. An initiative of the European Commission. Created econ and pol integration by common currency (the euro), and common banking system/law enforcement; made co-decision real, Free movement of goods; free movement of services, free movement of capital, free movement of people, EC established a common market that took down internal barriers to trade within the EC, Increased decision making power of parliament, co-decision procedure became more effective, union respects fundamental rights. The Act is valuable link between Brussels and the member states ensuring that views are expressed and defended. Why the delay? - Powers over legislation: They can send representatives in early development meetings held by the commission. It was created after World War II as a way to ensure peace between European nations. They dreamed of integrating European economies and removing controls on the movement of people, money, goods, and services; they were driven by the desire to promote peace and to build a single European market that could compete with the United States. The European Union acts in a wide range of policy areas where European leaders have judged that joint action is beneficial, including the single market, the euro, promotion of economic growth, security, justice and foreign affairs (see later chapters). Fiscal union is the integration of the fiscal policy of nations or states. What kind of organization is the European Union? more. It is now having a single currency (Euro) and a single Banking Union system. NEW! How is voting conducted in the Council of the European Union? - National delegations normally have issues they want to raise in meetings. 60 shareholder countries, in big economies, the us japan etc. Last update: 12/01/2021. This is not an official EU Commission or Government resource. To assess and develop transatlantic cooperation, the European Union and the USA hold regular presi-dential summits. The European Union (EU) was founded as a result of the Maastricht Treaty on Nov. 1, 1993. Explain the structure of the European Council. Where? - Started as Common Assembly of the ECSC in 1952. Nominated by national governments but desicions take stogether with the president of the commision. If there is a free trade on coal and steel, and can wash and see something. A reformed strengthend european community, a common foreign and security policy that would replace eps, new policies on justice and home affairs. The Nordic countries were the most negative towards a united Europe in this study, as 73% of the Nordics opposed the idea. intergovernmental body. Give employer, workers etc a place where they could meet and talk and issue opinions to the commission, the council of ministers and the parliament. But we have each states. T he European Union is an economic and political union of 28 countries. How often does the European Council meet? The open border allows the free flow of goods and people. The European Union is a political organization which includes a number of European countries. How does the European Council promote European integration? Intergrate further the states politically an enomomically. European citixenship. EU GDP in 2017: 1. Explain the structure of the European Commission. The EU was created by the Maastricht Treaty, which entered into force on November 1, 1993. How many world wars were fought in Europe? - The free movement of people, money, goods and services. Lisbon changed to 55% from minimum 15 member states and 65 % of EU population. European Union (EU), international organization comprising 27 European countries and governing common economic, social, and security policies. 5. - Most issues by qualified majority voting or QMV - which prevent big states in having to much power and incourage to form colusions. In terms of the total value of all goods and services produced (GDP), it is bigger than the US economy. The organization aimed at reducing trade barriers; enhance cooperation and regional integration among its members - Created in 1974 because of need of stronger leadership. Explain the functions and structure of the European Court of Auditors. The europa.eu webpage concerning GDPR can be found here. Belongs to the European Political Party, they are the highest representatives. Europa > Documents and publications > Language and terminology. Since the treaty of lisbon lead to a change in how it is done, starting in 2014: commissions presidents were to be proposed by the european council using the qualified majority vote. Luxemburg 1977. The role changed quickly. The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is the agricultural policy of the European Union.It implements a system of agricultural subsidies and other programmes. Ireland saw the EEC as a potential boost for its industrial plans and to reduce the reliance on agriculture and Britain. EU has a kind of central government, serenity - government power. What are the requisite qualifications? (a eu foreign minister). In areas in which the European Union does not have exclusive competence, the principle of subsidiarity, laid down in the Treaty on European Union, defines the circumstances in which it is preferable for action to be taken by the Union, rather than the Member States. Not a loaning institutions. Tangible proof of European integration, the single currency has a specific history of design, implementation, and policies. They do the detailed work of the council , attempting between meeting on reaching agreements on as many proposal as possible. It's about the currency, In Frankfurt. Start studying GEOG EXAM 2. Only the most political, sensitive and controversial things goes to the ministers. The difference between federation and confederation, a central government. a) 25 March 1957. 1. Why? What were the positive and negative effects of the membership enlargement? Why did the draft Constitutional Treaty fail? 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